TVM was marketed as a more effective alternative to stitches, claiming a higher success rate for surgeries. But the results have been anything but successful. The following is a list of the most common complications:
Erosion of TVM occurs when the mesh pulls away from the vaginal wall and into the surrounding organs. It may even shift so far as to protrude out of the vagina itself. When this occurs it is called extrusion or exposure.
This is a serious condition that can result in the following:
- Damage to the bladder, urethra, or vaginal wall
- Perforation of the bowels
- Intense Pain
Surgical exploration may be necessary to get a complete picture of the damage the mesh has done. Because it is a permanent implant, even the multiple surgeries that follow may not correct the issues.
The FDA itself states that mesh erosion is the most commonly and consistently reported complication of TVM, and that “Mesh erosion can require multiple surgeries to repair and can be debilitating for some women. In some cases, even multiple surgeries will not resolve the complication.”
Contraction occurs when the mesh contracts or shrinks after being implanted. Symptoms of this condition are vaginal shortening, vaginal tightening, and vaginal pain. It may also require multiple surgeries to address. It can also result in serious pain for both partners during sexual intercourse.
Other Serious Complications
- Pain, infection, and bleeding
- Dyspareunia, or pain during intercourse
- Organ perforation
- Urinary problems
- Recurrent prolapse
- Neuro-muscular problems
- Vaginal scarring and shrinkage
- Emotional injuries